16 Oct 2020Read more
As we continue the lock down due to the COVID-19 pandemic, some people are having to socially isolate at home with partners and spouses, 24/7. For some, they are stuck in a property with an abusive partner: they wish to know what protections are available for them if they are subjected to abuse.
Under Section 33 and 35 to 38 of the Family Law Act 1996, the court have powers to make a protective order known as an occupation order. An occupation order grants the person making the application the right to occupy a dwelling house; the content of such an order specifically defines who should or should not reside in all or part of the home. The order can also extend to exclude people from entering an area around the home, if there is a concern that person will turn up at the door to cause trouble. Such an order can also cover practical day-to-day matters, such as who bears the responsibility for payment of rent or mortgages on the property, and whether the occupying party should pay a rent to the other person.
Given the draconian nature of these orders, they can only be applied for by applicants who are ‘associated’ with the respondent (the person the order is made against). For the sake of clarity, associated peoples must fall under one of the following categories:
After establishing that you are an associated person an application needs to be made under the relevant section of the Family Law Act 1996. The qualifying criteria are as follows:
After establishing which section of the Family Law Act 1996 the application is made under, the key factors that the court must consider before making an Occupation Order are known as the balance of harm test and the core criteria test.
Balance of harm test
The balance of harm test sets out a duty to the court to determine what harm would be caused to the applicant, the respondent and any relevant children if the occupation order was made or not.
When considering the balance of harm the court must make an order if it appears that the applicant or any child is likely to suffer significant harm attributable to the conduct of the ‘associated person’ if the order is not made.
Core criteria test
After the court has established their deliberation on the balance of harm, the court must consider the core criteria test, having regard to all the circumstances, this can include, but is not limited to the following considerations:
As the courts are determining whether to deprive the ‘associated person’ of their right to remain within their own home, the court will only make such an order in exceptional circumstances (therefore if you have fallen out over who gets to watch the television whilst in isolation, this will not cut it).
When the application is issued and the court is satisfied that the respondent has used or threatened violence against the applicant or a relevant child, a power of arrest can be attached if the court is satisfied that the applicant or child would not be adequately protected without it.
Should an order be made with a power of arrest attached to it, a copy of the order can be filed with the local police station to ensure that the order can be enforced should the respondent breach it.
In terms of the duration of the order, it is dependent on which section of the Family Law Act 1996 the application is brought under, but an occupation order is typically made for a maximum of six months pending further review from the court.
"An occupation order grants the person making the application the right to occupy a dwelling house; the content of such an order specifically defines who should or should not reside in all or part of the home."
Aaron Williams, assistant solicitor
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What happens when parents have made the decision to educate their child in the private sector, but then those parents separate and an argument breaks out about the school fees? As part of our series of blogs around National Parents Week, solicitor Jonathan Casey examines the issues.Read more
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As we continue our series of blogs for National Parents Week, today Partner Paul Webb, who specialises in complex cases involving children, including public law care proceedings, private law proceedings and secure accommodation applications, explains the role of a children's guardian in children's proceedings.Read more
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